State laws setting the scope and limits of emergency authority are crucial to an effective public health response. This suite of legal data captures details of legislation — bills that were enacted and those that were not — that addresses emergency health authority introduced between January 1, 2021, and May 20, 2022, in all 50 US states and the District of Columbia.

The six datasets were created in collaboration with the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials and the Network for Public Health Law, using scientific legal mapping techniques to document state bills affecting the nature and/or allocation of public health authority at the state and local levels: